European Science Advice for Policy
Since November 2016, five European Academies are part of the European Commission’s Scientific Advisory Mechanism (SAM) within the framework of the SAPEA project – Science Advice for Policy by European Academies. Politically relevant scientific questions are dealt with in an interdisciplinary and independent manner based on state-of-the art scientific evidence.
The SAPEA Evidence Reports form the scientific basis for the opinions of the Group of Chief Scientific Advisors (GCSA) to the College of European Commissioners. The aim is to incorporate scientific findings at the European level into the political opinion-finding process quickly and in a timely manner. Academia Europaea, ALLEA, EASAC, Euro-CASE and FEAM have joined forces to bring together the expertise of over a hundred academies in more than 40 European countries.
Micro- and nanoplastics
SAPEA´s fourth publication “A scientific perspective on microplastics in nature and society” draws on a comprehensive examination of the best available evidence from the natural sciences and computer modelling, as well as social, political and behavioural sciences. The evidence suggests that microplastics and nanoplastics do not pose a widespread risk to humans or the environment, except in small pockets. But that evidence is limited, and the situation could change if pollution continues at the current rate.
Improving authorisation processes for plant protection products
SAPEA´s third publication “Improving authorisation processes for plant protection products in Europe: a scientific perspective on the assessment of potential risks to human health” examines the methods and procedures for assessing potential harmful effects on human health from the use of Plant Protection Products (PPPs), and the ways in which the current authorisation processes could be improved from a scientific perspective.
- SAPEA: All information
- SAPEA Publication „Improving authorisation processes for plant protection products in Europe: a scientific perspective on the assessment of potential risks to human health”
- Scientific Opinion of the GCSA „EU authorisation processes of Plant Protection Products from a scientific point of view”
- SAPEA website
- Scientific Advice Mechanism (SAM)
Carbon capture and utilisation
SAPEA´s second publication ”Novel Carbon Capture and Utilisation Technologies: research and climate aspects” explores whether Carbon Capture and Utilisation (CCU) technologies have the potential to contribute significantly to mitigating the effects of climate change. One of the main recommendations is that a systemic approach is required when evaluating the energy system and CCU systems, and further development is needed in stakeholder awareness and consistency of definitions.
Food from the oceans
SAPEA´s first publication “Food from the oceans” examines the question: “How can more food and biomass be obtained from the oceans in a way that does not deprive future generations of their benefits?” The publication warns that in our extraction of food from the oceans, ‘business as usual’ is not sustainable from social, economic and environmental viewpoints. It states that the only way to obtain significantly more food and biomass sustainably from the ocean is to harvest seafood that on average is from a lower trophic level (lower in the food chain) than we currently harvest.
The five European Academy Networks involved in the EU’s SAPEA project are:
Academia Europaea, a pan-European academy whose members from the humanities, social and natural sciences are elected by the existing academy members
ALLEA, the European Federation of Academies of Sciences from the Council of Europe region
EASAC, the federation of the National Academies of Science of the EU member states, Norway and Switzerland
Euro-CASE, the European Council of Academies of Applied Sciences, Technologies and Engineering
FEAM, the Federation of European Academies of Medicine and Medical Sections of Academies of Sciences
For more information, visit the project website at www.sapea.info